Types of Robot
In general, there are five types of robot as listed below:
- Pre-Programmed Robots
- Humanoid Robots
- Autonomous Robots
- Teleoperated Robots
- Augmenting Robots
Pre-programmed robots get operated using built-in functionaries where it operates in a controlled environment, where simple and monotonous tasks are performed efficiently. The tasks performed are faster and more efficient than human.
An example of a pre-programmed robot is a mechanical arm on an assembly line which is completely automatic as it is pre-defined.
Humanoid robots are robots that look alike humans and mimics each and every human behavior. These robots are versatile thereby performing usual human activities (like running, jumping, and carrying objects), and also unusual activities that cannot be made possible by humans. Even the human facial expressions and way of talking match with these bots.
Autonomous robots are totally independent and do not depend on human operators, where the lag period of receiving the command from humans and acting accordingly is not needed. It is used in places where human supervision is not required where tasks are carried out in an open environment.
An example of an autonomous robot is the Roomba vacuum cleaner, which uses sensors to the home completely for perfect cleaning.
Teleoperated robots are purely mechanical bots that are controlled by humans tp do the required tasks. These robots are the alternatives for humans working in places or regions where humans cannot stay or even stand for a long time, working in extreme geographical conditions, weather, and circumstances.
Examples of teleoperated robots are human-controlled submarines that are of great use to fix underwater pipe leaks during hazard situations of BP oil spill and drones are used to detect landmines on a battlefield. Diffusing bombs and operations are also done.
Augmenting robots are considered to be the best invention ever as it changes the life of the disabled and handicapped persons who have lost their body parts during accidents or those who are physically challenged right from birth because of genetic defects and effect of any diseases.
Some examples of augmenting robots are robotic prosthetic limbs, artificial hand using embedded systems, or exoskeletons which are used to lift heavyweights.