In the previous chapter, we read about the classes and their importance in C++. Now, in this chapter, we will learn more about the classes and objects in C++.

From our previous chapters we know that a class is nothing but a blueprint that means that a class has no existence in the real world.

In order to create an existence for a class in the real world, we need to create an instance of that class. This instance is created with the help of objects. 

Objects are those entities which actually have a real-world existence. We can access any members of a class and use its methods with the help of these objects.

Let us understand this with the help of an example.

Suppose, a student, he has an id, a name and is enrolled in a course. Now, this student performs some functions also, like he enrolls himself in a course, he pays fee for that course and studies the subjects assigned to him. Thus, student is a class, now this student has no real-world existence.

Let us define this student class in C++:

class Student

{

int id;

char course[10], name[30];

public:

void enroll()

{

course = “C++ Programming”;

float fee=5000;

cout<< “Course:”<<course<<”\nFee:”<<fee;

}

};

Above is a class student as defined in our given example, now in order to access the members of this class, we need to create an object of student.

Object Creation in C++:

We can create objects as follows:

Class_name Object_name;

This line creates an object of the given class. For Example, to create an object of student class, we write:

Student s;

Accessing Members of a class:

We can access the public members of a class using the object that we have created. This can be depicted here:

s.enroll();

Since, enroll() is a public member function of the class, thus we can access it anywhere in our C++ program with the help of the object created. Now, let us look at the whole code:

class Student

{

int id;

char course[10], name[30];

public:

void enroll()

{

course = “C++ Programming”;

float fee=5000;

cout<< “Course:”<<course<<”\nFee:”<<fee;

}

};

void main()

{

Student s; //creating object of student of class

s.enroll(); //accessing public members of student class

s.id=100;

/*generates an error as id is a private member of student class and thus inaccessible*/

getch();

}

Report Error/ Suggestion

Related Posts:

[yuzo_views]











CopyRight © 2019

CopyRight © 2019