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To add two matrices, we need two matrices having the same number of rows and columns. The addition is done by adding corresponding elements.

Algorithm:

1. Take input of number of rows and columns.
2. Take input of both the matrices.
3. Now, use Ci,j= Ai,j + Bi,j
4. Print matrix C.

Code:

``````#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
void subtract(int[5][5], int[5][5], int, int);
int display(int[5][5], int, int);
int main()
{

int a[5][5], b[5][5], r1, c1, r2, c2;
cout<<"\n Enter rows for first matrix: ";
cin>>r1;
cout<<"\n Enter columns for second matrix: ";
cin>>c1;
cout<<"\n Enter rows for first matrix: ";
cin>>r2;
cout<<"\n Enter columns for second matrix: ";
cin>>c2;

// To check if columns of first matrix are equal to rows of second matrix

if (r1 != r2 || c1!=c2)
return 0;

// Storing elements of first matrix.

printf("\nEnter elements of first matrix \n");

for(int i=0; i<r1; i++)
{
for(int j=0; j<c1; j++)
cin>>a[i][j];

}
// Storing elements of second matrix.
cout<<"\nEnter elements of second matrix\n";

for(int i=0; i<r2; i++)
{
for(int j=0; j<c2; j++)
cin>>b[i][j];
}
cout<<"\n display a\n";
display(a, r1, c1);
cout<<"\n display a\n";
display(b, r2, c2);
//calling the function to add elements of a and b. passing number of rows
//and columns in both of them
return 0;
}

void add(int a[5][5], int b[5][5], int row, int col)
{
int c[5][5];
//input 0 for all values of c, in porder to remove
//the garbage values assigned earlier
for(int i=0; i<row; i++)
{
for(int j=0; j<col; j++)
c[i][j]=0;
}
//we apply the same formula as above
for(int i=0; i<row; i++)
{
for(int j=0; j<col; j++)
c[i][j]=a[i][j]+b[i][j];
}
//to display matrix
cout<<"\n Matrix c after Addition is:\n";
display(c, row, col);
}
int display(int c[5][5], int row, int col)
{
for(int i=0; i<row; i++)
{
for(int j=0; j<col; j++)
cout<<c[i][j]<<" ";
cout<<"\n";
}
return 0;
}``````

Output:

``````Enter rows for first matrix: 3
Enter columns for second matrix: 3
Enter rows for first matrix: 3
Enter columns for second matrix: 3
Enter elements of first matrix

76 35 24
24 56 24
86 25 75

Enter elements of second matrix

5 7 8
7 3 6
6 3 7

display a
76 35 24
24 56 24
86 25 75

display b
5 7 8
7 3 6
6 3 7

81 42 32
31 59 30
92 28 82``````