The Standard Error Stream (cerr):

The Standard Error Stream or cerr is a predefined object of the ostream class. C++ programs are written by humans and the humans are prone to commit errors, so the standard error stream or cerr is attached to the standard error device, which is also a display screen, just like the standard output stream cout.

However, the cerr is un-buffered and each stream insertion to cerr causes its output to appear immediately.

The cerr is also used in conjunction with the stream insertion operator << as shown in the following example.

Example:

#include <iostream.h>

int main() {

   char str[] = "Unable to read.";

   cerr << "Error message : " << str << endl;

}

When the above code is compiled and executed, it produces the following result −

Error message : Unable to read.

The Standard Log Stream (clog):

The predefined object of the Standard Log Stream, clog is also an instance of ostream class. In order to use it in a C++ program, one must include the iostream header file.

The clog object is said to be attached to the standard error device, which is also a display screen but the object clog is buffered.

This means that each insertion to clog could cause its output to be held in a buffer until the buffer is filled or until the buffer is flushed. It works in a similar manner to the standard error stream object, cerr.

The clog is also used in conjunction with the stream insertion operator as shown in the following example.

Example:

#include <iostream.h>

int main() 

{

 char str[] = "Unable to read."; 

 clog << "Error message : " << str << endl;

}

When the above code is compiled and executed, it produces the following result −

Error message: Unable to read.

 

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CopyRight © 2019