Factorial is the product of all the numbers starting from 1 till the given number.

For example: Factorial of 5 will be = 1*2*3*4*5 = 120

Note: Factorial of a negative number doesn’t exist. And, the factorial of 0 is 1.

Methods:

  1. Naïve approach
  2. Using Recursion

Method 1: Naïve approach

Logic:

Factorial of a non-negative integer x is the multiplication of all the integers smaller than or equal to x.

Algorithm:

  1. Take input.
  2. Initialize a variable to store product of numbers.
  3. Run a for loop which runs from 1 till the given number.
  4. Multiply each number with the fact variable.
  5. Print the output.

Code:

#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
int main()
{
	int n,fact=1;
	cout<<"Enter number";
	cin>>n;
	for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
	fact=fact*i;
	cout<<"\n Factorial of given number is:"<<fact;
	return 0;
}

Output:

Enter number: 6
Factorial of given number is:720

Method 2: Using function

Logic:

The same logic is used as above but here we are using function.

Algorithm:

  1. Take input.
  2. Initialize a variable to store product of numbers.
  3. Run a for loop which runs from 1 till the given number.
  4. Call the function with fact and number as a parameter.
  5. Store the returned value in fact variable.
  6. Print the output.

Code:

#include<iostream>
using namespace std;
int factorial(int fact,int n)
{
	fact=fact*n;
	return fact;
}
int main()
{
	int n,fact=1;
	cout<<"Enter number";
	cin>>n;
	for(int i=1;i<=n;i++)
		fact=factorial(fact,i);
	cout<<"\n Factorial of given number is:"<<fact;
	return 0;
}

Output:

Enter number: 7
Factorial of given number is: 5040

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CopyRight © 2019